On November 20, 1989, the UN General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). On January 26, 1990, the opening day of the session, 61 countries signed it. The CRC covers all children under the age of 18 years, regardless of sex, colour, language, religion or race. India ratified the CRC in 1992.
With more than a third of its population below the age of 18, India has the largest child population in the world. It is significant that while an absolute increase of 181 million in the country’s population has been recorded during the decade 2001-2011. In India 430 million children in the age group of 0-18 years.
Nationally, 83 percent of children below age 18 years live with both their parents, 11 percent live with their mother but not their father, 2 percent live with their father but not their mother, and the remaining 4 percent live with neither parent. Three-quarters of the children living only with their mother have a father who is still alive but living elsewhere.
With this huge number of population India has made some significant commitments towards ensuring the basic rights of children. Family Based care is one of them with the specific focus of foster care. Jamia Millia Islamia is pioneering the work in India by setting up NRCFC.
Foster Care modelling needs to occur and our NRCFC knew that we could not take on all aspects of the development of the system ourselves. Therefore, we will serve as a resource to those on-the-ground working both for and as foster parents in India.